How To Fix MS Access Run-Time Error 3061 OpenRecordSet

Are you getting runtime error 3061: too few parameters in your respective Access database application? But don’t have any idea why you are frequently getting this run time error 3061 and how to fix it.

Just go through this complete post and you will get complete answers of all your queries regarding this specific Access runtime error 3061.

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Practical Scenario:

It really feels to be annoyed for the reason when you get screwed with some code for quite a long time. You think that you might be missing something very easy and you try to eliminate everything that could be a possibility behind the cause of such error. But still, you can’t escape the situation of MS Access Error 3061 openrecordset. For elucidation I have facilitated the error in its simplest form as mentioned beneath within a report:

Dim db As DAO.Database
Dim rs As DAO.RecordSet

Set db = CurrentDb
Set rs = db.OpenRecordset(“SELECT * FROM qryTableOfGrades”)

‘where qryTableOfGrades is a saved crosstab query.

I get “Run time error 3061 Too few parameters. Expected 0.”

But if I just make that last line:

Set rs = db.OpenRecordset(“qryTableOfGrades”)

I get “Run time error 3061 Too few parameters, Expected 1”.

And if I execute this:
Set rs = db.OpenRecordset(qryTableOfGrades) ‘ without quotes

I receive “variable not defined.”

If the query is operated by itself with no report it runs smoothly.

Scenario Case 2:

I am receiving Runtime error 3061  in my Access Database, two parameters. I have examined that I might require building out the SQL within VBA by means of the form parameters, however it would be quite intricate SQL specified that there are a a small number of uncertainty within the array. Any advice as a workaround would be appreciated. Although I thought of utilizing VBA for creating table from query and just referencing that table—but I do not like to work extra as a matter of fact.

Error Details:

Error code: 3061

Name: MS Access runtime error 3061

Description: Run-time error ‘3061’: Too few parameters expected 1



Why You Are Getting Access Runtime Error 3061?

The reason that you are receiving MS Access runtime error 3061 when you simply struggle to unlock the recordset is that the form that you are trying to access is not open.

Also when you strive to access [forms]![frmReportingMain] it shows null then you attempt to obtain a property on that null reference and things get messed up.

The OpenRecordset function has no method of popping up a dialog box to prompt for the inputs of the user such as the UI does if it acquires such error.

You can modify your query to make use of parameters that aren’t bound to a form

yourTableAllocStart >= pAllocStart

and yourTableAllocEnd <= pAllocEnd

Then you can use such function to acquire a recordset of that query.

Function GetQryAllocDebits(pAllocStart As String, pAllocEnd As String) As DAO.Recordset

    Dim db As DAO.Database

    Dim qdef As DAO.QueryDef

    Set db = CurrentDb

    Set qdef = db.QueryDefs(“qryAlloc_Debits”)


    qdef.Parameters(“pAllocStart”).Value = pAllocStart

    qdef.Parameters(“pAllocEnd”).Value = pAllocEnd

    Set GetQryAllocDebits = qdef.OpenRecordset

End Function

The drawback to this procedure is that when you describe this on a form that’s bound to it, then it does not vigorously “fill in blanks” for you.

In that situation you can attach forms qryAlloc_debts and escape any clause within a stored query, then make use of the form’s Filter to construct your where clause. In that illustration, you can employ where clause accurately how you have it printed.

After that if you wish to unlock a recordset then do it as follows:

Function GetQryAllocDebits(pAllocStart As String, pAllocEnd As String) As DAO.Recordset

    Dim qdef As DAO.QueryDef

    Set qdef = New DAO.QueryDef

    qdef.SQL = “Select * from qryAlloc_Debits where AllocStart >= pAllocStart and pAllocEnd <= pAllocEnd”


    qdef.Parameters(“pAllocStart”).Value = pAllocStart

    qdef.Parameters(“pAllocEnd”).Value = pAllocEnd

    Set GetQryAllocDebits = qdef.OpenRecordset

End Function

When opening a saved query that has parameters in code you have to use a DAO.Querydef object and provide the parameter(s) through Querydef substance parameters compilation.

You then unwrap recordset by way of the querydef object’s openrecordset technique as a substitute for the database object’s open recordset scheme.

I don’t know if what I have added to your code will run as is, but it does show what needs to be done to set up the querydef object.

Solutions To Fix  MS Access Run-time Error 3061 

If you are facing MS Access run-time error “Run-time error ‘3061’, too few parameters. Expected 1.” while using the MS Access program, then you must know the proper cause of this error before solving it, the cause might be one of the following as mentioned below.

1.) You may perhaps forget to place the single quote (‘) around variable within the where cause into the query.

For instance:
If my table structure is



PersonID int,

LastName varchar(255),

FirstName varchar(255),

Address varchar(255),

City varchar(255)


The query that acquiesces such error is somewhat as

Set rs = dbs.OpenRecordset(“Select * From Persons Where FirstName = ” & p_firstname & “;”, dbOpenSnapshot)

To resolve this issue, carry the hero, which is a single code (‘), to assist like this:

Set rs = dbs.OpenRecordset(“Select * From Persons Where FirstName = ‘” & p_firstname & “‘;”, dbOpenSnapshot)

2.) The field of the table is missing, or misspelling. You need to check your query and make sure every field in the query is spelled correctly or exists in the table.

From the table structure above, the query that might yield this error is:

Set rs = dbs.OpenRecordset(“Select First_Name, Last_Name From Persons Where PersonID = 3;”, dbOpenSnapshot)

To solve this problem, correct the fields in the query like this:

Set rs = dbs.OpenRecordset(“Select FirstName, LastName From Persons Where PersonID = 3;”, dbOpenSnapshot)

Sum Up:

From the above 2 examples given, I hope you will be able to fix MS Access “Run-time error ‘3061’. If not then I would simply recommend you make use of the most proficient MS Access Repair And Recovery Tool. This repair tool is highly prominent in resolving MS Access related errors and bugs and restore the database to a whole new fresh file without any difficulty.

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